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What does a female groin hernia look like

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Hernias are relatively common and can afflict anyone. But how do you know if you have one? Hernias can be caused by a variety of circumstances. You might get one because of muscle weakness, straining from heavy lifting or a previous injury. When you get a hernia, an organ or fatty tissue protrudes through the wall of the cavity in which it is contained, typically in the abdomen. Here is a list of the most common types of hernias:.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Abdominal Wall Hernias

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Right Inguinal Hernia Repair (Female Patient)

How to tell if you have a femoral hernia

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Jump to content. A hernia occurs when an organ protrudes through the wall of muscle that encircles it. There are a few different types of hernias that can occur in the area of the groin.

For more information on inguinal and femoral hernias, and the symptoms and treatment methods associated with these hernias, please see below. Inguinal hernias, also known as groin hernias, occur when a bit of tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the muscles between the upper thigh and the lower abdomen. Inguinal hernias are usually caused by an opening in the muscle wall that should have closed before birth but instead remained open.

Because of that abnormality, there is a weak spot in the abdomen. When tissue pushes through that weak spot, it creates a bulge, or lump, that tends to be painful, though not necessarily dangerous. The primary symptom of an inguinal hernia is a lump or bulge in the area of the groin.

That bulge may appear all of a sudden, after you have been coughing, laughing, lifting heavy weights, or otherwise straining, or it may develop over a longer period of weeks or even months. You may experience pain or general discomfort in the area of the groin, particularly when straining.

Inguinal hernias can cauase significant discomfort, and may also be associated with an aching or burning feeling in the area of the bulge. You may also experience a sensation of dragging, pressure, or weakness in the groin. Some male patients may experience swelling and pain around the testicles, if the protruding tissue descends into the scrotum. Many people develop inguinal hernias later in life, when their muscles have weakened with age, or when they are more vulnerable following abdominal surgery or an injury.

In men, that abdominal weak spot usually develops in the inguinal canal, which is where the spermatic cord enters the scrotum. Women, on the other hand, have a ligament in their inguinal canals that helps to hold the uterus in place. Hernias can develop in the place where connective tissue from the uterus is joined to the tissue surrounding the pubic bone. Certain populations seem to be at greater risk of developing inguinal hernias than others.

Risk factors include the following:. Femoral hernias occur when a bit of tissue bulges through the lower belly and into the upper thigh, in the area just below the groin crease. Femoral hernias are sometimes mistaken for inguinal hernias because they occur in a nearby location.

Femoral hernias are relatively uncommon. Femoral hernias may not present any symptoms at all, especially if they are of a small or medium size. Larger hernias may become visible as a lump or bulge in the area of your upper thigh. That bulge may cause discomfort or pain when you try to stand up, lift a heavy object, or strain in another way. Because femoral hernias are in many cases located in close proximity to the hip bone, they may cause pain in the hip.

As with inguinal hernias, the cause of a femoral hernia is not always clear. While the area of the femoral canal may have weakened over time, you may also have simply been born with a weakened femoral canal.

It does seem clear that straining can cause the muscle walls to weaken, thereby increasing the chances of developing a femoral hernia. Activities that may contribute to straining include:. When left untreated, a femoral hernia can result in additional complications, some of them severe. These complications may include:. In most cases, your doctor will be able to determine whether you are in fact suffering from a hernia, whether it is an inguinal or a femoral hernia, simply by looking and by gently palpating the affected area.

These imaging tests can help to show the hole in the muscle wall, along with the tissue protruding from it. Inguinal and femoral hernias that have no symptoms may not require any treatment at all.

There are two types of surgical hernia repair: open and minimally invasive surgery. During this procedure, your surgeon will make a small incision into your groin, and then push the protruding tissue back into your abdomen.

Your surgeon will then sew up the weakened area. In some cases, your surgeon will use a synthetic mesh to reinforce that weakened area. Open surgery can be performed either with general anesthesia or with sedation or local anesthesia. During this procedure, your surgeon will make a few small incisions in your abdomen.

Your surgeon will then inflate your abdomen, using a special gas, in order to make your internal organs easier to see. Your surgeon will then insert a small, narrow tube into one of the incisions in your abdomen.

This tube has a tiny camera, or laparoscope, at the end of it. That camera serves as a kind of guide for your surgeon, who is then able to insert surgical instruments through the other incisions in your abdomen. Because minimally invasive surgery allows the surgeon to avoid scar tissue from earlier hernia repairs, it may be an especially good option for people who have had their hernias recur following traditional hernia surgery.

It may also be a good option for people with bilateral hernias, or hernias on both sides of the body. Patients may also be able to return more quickly to their normal activities.

Your doctors will speak with you in detail about all of your treatment options and will recommend a course of action best suited to your individual needs. Groin Hernias. You are safe with us. Inguinal Hernias Inguinal hernias, also known as groin hernias, occur when a bit of tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the muscles between the upper thigh and the lower abdomen.

Symptoms The primary symptom of an inguinal hernia is a lump or bulge in the area of the groin. Causes Inguinal hernias can be caused by any one of the following, or by a combination of factors: Chronic coughing Chronic sneezing Increase of pressure in the abdomen Pregnancy Straining during bowel movements Strenuous activity Weak spot in the abdominal wall The cause of an inguinal hernia, however, is not always immediately apparent. Risk Factors Certain populations seem to be at greater risk of developing inguinal hernias than others.

Risk factors include the following: Aging: Muscles grow weaker with age. Being male: Men are more likely to develop inguinal hernias than women. Chronic constipation , which usually causes excessive straining during bowel movements. Chronic cough , particularly when caused by smoking. Family history: If you have had a parent or sibling with an inguinal hernia, you may be at greater risk of developing one yourself.

Premature birth and low birth rate are both associated with greater incidences of inguinal hernias. Previous inguinal hernia or hernia repair: Those who have already suffered an inguinal hernia are at greater risk of developing another one. Complications In some cases, an inguinal hernia can result in additional complications. These may include: Incarcerated hernia: A hernia can grow to obstruct the bowel if its contents become trapped in the weak area of the abdominal wall.

An obstructed bowel will result in nausea, vomiting, an inability to pass gas or have a bowel movement, and severe pain. Increased pressure on surrounding tissue: If not treated promptly with surgery, most inguinal hernias will grow larger over time. In men, this means that a hernia may extend into the scrotum, resulting in swelling and pain. Strangulation: An incarcerated hernia may block the flow of blood to part of your intestine.

That strangulation can result in the death of the affected bowel tissue. A strangulated hernia requires immediate surgery; it is life threatening. Femoral Hernias Femoral hernias occur when a bit of tissue bulges through the lower belly and into the upper thigh, in the area just below the groin crease.

Femoral hernias occur more commonly in women than in men. Symptoms Femoral hernias may not present any symptoms at all, especially if they are of a small or medium size. Causes As with inguinal hernias, the cause of a femoral hernia is not always clear. These complications may include: Incarcerated hernia: A hernia can grow to obstruct the bowel if its contents become trapped in the weak area of the abdominal wall. Diagnosis In most cases, your doctor will be able to determine whether you are in fact suffering from a hernia, whether it is an inguinal or a femoral hernia, simply by looking and by gently palpating the affected area.

Treatment Inguinal and femoral hernias that have no symptoms may not require any treatment at all. Open Surgery During this procedure, your surgeon will make a small incision into your groin, and then push the protruding tissue back into your abdomen. Minimally Invasive Surgery Minimally invasive surgery is performed under general anesthesia.

Make an Appointment To discuss a potential hernia surgery, contact the Surgery Call Center at

Femoral Hernia

Chronic pelvic pain in women due to hernias may be misdiagnosed by practicing clinicians. These fascial defects, their symptoms, physical findings, and proper treatment must be known in order to help women experiencing this form of chronic pelvic pain. All procedures were performed by the primary author using standard laparoscopic tension-free mesh techniques.

Back to Health A to Z. A hernia occurs when an internal part of the body pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall.

Because of the high incidence of complications, femoral hernias often need emergency surgery. While femoral hernias can occur in both males and females, they occur approximately 10 times as frequently in women than in men because of the wider bone structure of the female pelvis. Femoral hernias are more common in adults than in children. Those that do occur in children are more likely to be associated with a connective tissue disorder or with conditions that increase intra-abdominal pressure.

Signs you might have a hernia

When part of an organ protrudes through an abnormal opening or in an abnormal way, this is called a hernia. A groin inguinal hernia occurs when part of the intestine bulges through a weak spot in the abdominal wall at the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal is a passageway through the abdominal wall near the groin. Inguinal hernias are up to 10 times more common in men than in women. About one in four men develop a hernia at some point in life. In adults, direct and indirect inguinal hernias look and feel about the same. They can occur on one or both sides of the groin. Your doctor may not know which type of hernia you have until surgery is performed.

What Is a Hernia?

Jump to content. A hernia occurs when an organ protrudes through the wall of muscle that encircles it. There are a few different types of hernias that can occur in the area of the groin. For more information on inguinal and femoral hernias, and the symptoms and treatment methods associated with these hernias, please see below. Inguinal hernias, also known as groin hernias, occur when a bit of tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the muscles between the upper thigh and the lower abdomen.

Find out about the most common hernias in men and women and treatment options that work best for each sex. But other types of hernias are actually more common in women, while still others occur at similar rates in men and women.

A femoral hernia occurs when tissue pushes through a weak spot in the muscle wall of the groin or inner thigh. Common causes include being overweight and overstraining while coughing, exercising, or passing stool. Symptoms of a femoral hernia include a lump in the groin or inner thigh and groin discomfort. It may cause stomach pain and vomiting in severe cases.

Femoral hernia

When Fergie sang about "lovely lady lumps," she certainly wasn't talking about hernias. But that's exactly what they are def not lovely tho —little bulges that occur when an internal organ pushes through the wall of muscle or tissue surrounding it, says Mary Ann Hopkins, M. But left untreated, certain hernias can lead to discomfort, pain, and more dangerous conditions like intestinal blockages and even gangrene. Like we said: Hernias occur when your an internal organ busts through its protective layer of tissue and muscle.

Femoral hernias occur just below the inguinal ligament , when abdominal contents pass through a naturally occurring weakness in the abdominal wall called the femoral canal. While femoral hernias can occur in both males and females, almost all develop in women due to the increased width of the female pelvis. Those that do occur in children are more likely to be associated with a connective tissue disorder or with conditions that increase intra-abdominal pressure. Seventy percent of pediatric cases of femoral hernias occur in infants under the age of one. A hernia is caused by the protrusion of a viscus in the case of groin hernias, an intra-abdominal organ through a weakness in the abdominal wall.

Groin Hernias in Women—A Review of the Literature

Your muscles are usually strong enough to keep your intestines and organs in their proper place. Sometimes, however, your intra-abdominal tissues can be pushed through a weakened spot in your muscle when you overstrain. A femoral hernia will appear as a bulge near the groin or thigh. The femoral canal houses the femoral artery , smaller veins, and nerves. Women are more likely than men to suffer from a femoral hernia. Overall, femoral hernias are not common. Most hernias that affect the groin are inguinal hernias , and fewer than 3 percent of all hernias are femoral.

Sep 27, - In women, the inguinal canal contains the round ligament that gives Femoral hernias are much less common than inguinal hernias and.

Inguinal hernias occur when part of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity omentum or intestine protrudes through a weak spot in the abdomen — often along the inguinal canal, which carries the spermatic cord in men. An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. The resulting bulge can be painful, especially when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object. An inguinal hernia isn't necessarily dangerous. It doesn't improve on its own, however, and can lead to life-threatening complications.

Hernias as a Cause of Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women

A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other body part protrudes through the wall of muscle or tissue that normally contains it. Most hernias occur within the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips. Inguinal and femoral hernias are due to weakened muscles that may have been present since birth, or are associated with aging and repeated strains on the abdominal and groin areas.

Femoral (Thigh) Hernia

Background: To date, there are few studies and no systematic reviews focusing specifically on groin hernia in women. Most of the existing knowledge comes from registry data. Objective: This present review now reports on such findings as are available on groin hernia in women.

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